Author Topic: 91st Regiment of Foot - Argyllshire Highlanders  (Read 1595 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Tiberias

  • Knight
  • ***
  • Renown: 67
  • Infamy: 27
  • cRPG Player
    • View Profile
  • Game nicks: Tiberias
  • IRC nick: Tiberias
91st Regiment of Foot - Argyllshire Highlanders
« on: January 23, 2013, 04:45:11 PM »
+1
visitors can't see pics , please register or login

About the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders
The 91st Argyllshire Highlanders is an active, disciplined and militarily structured Napoleonic Wars regiment that finds pride in being a very disciplined and experienced regiment. We have members of varying experience in our ranks, from the most seasoned veterans to the most fresh recruits. All are welcome to join the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders: inexperienced NW players will learn to hold their ground  in melee quickly; veterans will be able to fight alongside other melee experts, teaching new members tricks and maybe even learning a thing or two themselves. The 91st Argyllshire Highlanders is a highly disciplined regiment; we believe discipline is the most important thing to keeping a regiment structured and professional. In the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders you are rewarded for your actions. Show that you're skilled in melee, and you might be accepted into the Grenadiers. Show that you're a leader and perfect example of discipline, and you might become an NCO. The 91st consists of three companies: the Centre Company, the Grenadiers and the Light Company.
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
If you are interested in joining a serious, disciplined and skilled regiment, enlist for service in the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders!

91st Argyllshire Highlanders Website

***

Rank Structure
Officers
Colonel   Colvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Lieutenant Colonel   LtColvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Major   Majvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Captain   Cptvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Lieutenant   Ltvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Ensign   Ensvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
NCOs
Serjeant Major   SjtMajvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Colour Serjeant   CSjtvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Serjeant   Sjtvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Corporal   Cplvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Enlisted
Lance Corporal   LCplvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Private   Ptevisitors can't see pics , please register or login
Recruit   Recvisitors can't see pics , please register or login
With thanks to the 3ci Uhlans for allowing us to use this table.

An account of the 91st Argyllshire Highlanders throughout the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars
In 1793 George III wrote to John, 5th Duke of Argyll, asking him to raise a kilted regiment of 1,100 men. The Duke was unwell at the time and deputed the task to his kinsman, Duncan Campbell, 8th Lochnell. On 9 July 1794, they were formally gazetted into the British Army as the 98th Argyllshire Highlanders, renumbered later, in October 1798, as the 91st. On 5 May 1795 the Regiment embarked for South Africa to capture the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch. At this time 15 of the 33 officers were Campbells and 2 of the others had married Campbells. But the required number of NCOs and rank and file could not be found in Argyllshire, the rest came largely from Glasgow and Edinburgh, Renfrew and Paisley, with a small contingent of Irish. Officers continued to be drawn mainly from Argyllshire, and there were always enough genuine Highlanders to give the Regiment its characteristic stamp. Irish and Englishmen who only reluctantly took to wearing the kilt were in the end successfully absorbed; and the 91st maintained their Highland tradition.

visitors can't see pics , please register or login
The 98th Highlanders arrived at Simonstown in September 1795, as part of a force some 4,500 strong under Sir Alured Clarke, an ambitious officer for whom the conquest of the Dutch colony at the Cape was the one great chance of achieving military renown. But the luck was all against him. His Second-in-Command had already forced a landing with the advance guard, and had driven the Dutch off their only tenable defensive position in front of Cape Town. When, after a cautious and leisurely disembarkation lasting no less than ten days, Sir Alured faced the now vastly outnumbered Dutch at Wynberg, they cheated him of his great victory by running away after one ragged volley, which cost his army one seaman killed and 17 soldiers wounded, 4 of them from the 98th. He made the best of a bad job with a general order thanking his troops for 'their spirited exertions and cheerful perseverance through every hardship' in terms which Wellington would have thought fulsome after a major victory. So the 98th had, technically, their baptism of fire, and settled down as the permanent garrison, to suffer for seven unhappy years really serious casualties from the insalubrious climate and the insanitary conditions in Cape Castle. They lost 11 dead in the first month; and they seldom had less than 100 sick in hospital.

Much worse, however, for morale was the order in December to adopt the standard uniform of the British Army in India. Lochnell had gone to vast trouble to fit them all out with six yards each of the dark green Campbell tartan with the black stripe. For the rest they wore the full Highland dress: scarlet coats faced with yellow for both officers and men; black stocks, leather for rank and file, velvet for the officers; diced hose in red and white with scarlet garters, and Highland shoes with yellow or gold oval shoe-buckles. Lace with black and white cotton for NCOs and men, silver for officers; and officers' epaulettes, when worn, were also of silver lace. All ranks wore the regulation Highland feather bonnet and officers wore their own hair, clubbed over the ears with red rosettes on each club and the queue tied with a black bow. All this had now to be abandoned for garments no more suitable for hot climates than the kilt, and drearily undistinguished: white trousers with black half-gaiters, scarlet tunics and absurd round, black, felt hats, 'at least 6 inches high with a 4-inch brim', curled up at the sides, with a plume over the left ear, white for the grenadier company, green for the light company and black for battalion companies.

In this costume, deeply resented by all ranks, the 98th soldiered on as the Cape Town garrison. There was little excitement to be had in a city of 1,200 houses inhabited by 5,000 free folk, Dutch and mixed races, and 10,000 black slaves. Food was cheap, but widespread deforestation had made firewood extremely expensive and also deprived the officers of any decent shooting. They improved their lot, however, by fetching out a pack of foxhounds and hunting jackal, while the troops stagnated and went down in large numbers with various local diseases. There was a brief flutter of military activity when the Dutch attempted to recover their colony in 1796. Morale in the Regiment was never allowed seriously to sink. With a typical Scots desire for self-improvement they formed a regimental school, with a fee of 1s. a month; and from Scotland Lochnell busied himself with the formation of a regimental band.

Thus, nothing very decisive had happened to the now renumbered 91st when, under the terms of the Treaty of Amiens, they handed Cape Colony back to the Dutch and reassembled at Bexhill in May 1803. They were much depleted in numbers, having been heavily milked in their last months at the Cape to bring the regiments destined for India up to full strength; and it took them more than a year to get back their full Highland dress. From 1804 onwards the men were issued with six yards of tartan every two years for the upkeep of their kilts. All ranks wore the Kilmarnock bonnet, cocked, for fatigues and minor parades, covering it with the feather bonnet for ceremonial occasions. The plaid became increasingly a purely ceremonial garment and officers were forbidden the kilt as ball and dinner dress. To compensate, they were allowed gold epaulettes instead of silver.

All this helped to keep up morale for another five years of inactive soldiering, moving about southern England as part of the forces hopefully gathered to defeat Napoleon if the admirals ever let him slip across the Channel. They had a brief hope of better things when the Highland Brigade was sent to Hanover at the end of I805. But they were back in Kent throughout 1806 and thereafter in Cork. Throughout all this they clearly remained a very good regiment. They were ceaselessly inspected and invariably earned the 'Strong Approbation' of the generals. The Commander- in-Chief, H.R.H. the Duke of York, was 'Highly Pleased' with them in 1805. Rather more significantly, Sir John Moore was 'Extremely Well Pleased'; and before they left Dublin, in June 1808, to join the army in Portugal, they paraded for the Lord Lieutenant and gave him 'Great Satisfaction'.

***

The campaign was as disappointing for the 91st as it was for the nation as a whole. The light company of the 91st was engaged at Rolica and had a sergeant severely wounded. But the Regiment as a whole was in reserve and was not engaged in either of the major battles. It was again in the reserve division for Sir John Moore's spectacular march to Salamanca which disrupted Napoleon's whole campaign; and it came into its own at last when the reserve division became the rearguard for the epic retreat which culminated in Moore's victory and death at Corunna. The 91st had then more than their fair share of privations and forced marches; and in the rearguard actions in which they were engaged they lost 164 of all ranks killed, wounded or missing. At Corunna itself, though 'in the very centre of the line and next the Guards', they were not heavily engaged and lost only two men wounded. 'Corunna', nevertheless, was a worthily won Battle Honour to be placed on the Colours beside 'Rolica' and 'Vimeira'.
visitors can't see pics , please register or login

Now the 91st embarked upon the ill-faited Welcheren campaign, the devastating low fever peculiar to the island of Walcheren had already destroyed one British army 200 years before. This time, from 3 September to 23 December, an army of 40,000 men lay encamped there because the generals could not agree on what to do with them. During these four months no less than 35,000 of them passed through the military hospitals to a precarious convalescence or the grave. By 25 September, after only three weeks, the 91st had only 246 rank and file fit for duty out of 608. From disease the Regiment lost a total of 218 dead - far more than all their casualties in the Corunna campaign. During the six months following their return to Kent they had an average of 250 sick and it was quite impossible to train or drill them to any acceptable standard. On top of this they were deprived of even their trews and bonnets. Henceforth they wore the blue-grey trousers and black cap of an English line regiment: a uniform in which few of the troops and none of the officers took the smallest pride. All that remained of their origin was the Pipe Band and the title of His Majesty's 91st Argyllshire Regiment. As such, they rejoined Wellington in 1812. They missed Vitoria. But were with the 6th Division at Sorauren on 28 and 30 July 1813, in what Wellington called 'bludgeon work', they played a decisive part in dislodging Marshal Soult from the positions he had hoped to hold in the Pyrenees. On the first day the 91st suffered heavily, losing 115 killed and wounded out of a total strength of 821 . On the second day, when the brigaded light companies bore the brunt, they got off lightly. But they clearly played their full part in what even Wellington called 'desperate fighting', adding that he had 'never known the troops behave so well'.

'Pyrenees' was another battle honour on the 91st Colours which was well and truly earned. They were to win four more in France: 'Nivelle', 'Nive', 'Orthes', 'Toulouse', and 'Peninsula'. The first three were not costly, and the only distinction was the promotion in the field of the Adjutant, Lieutenant MacNeil of Colonsay after he had had two horses killed under him at the passage of the Nivelle.

At Toulouse, on 10 April 1814, Soult put up a last, desperate fight, which cost Wellington close on 5,000 casualties. Sir Denis Pack's Highland Brigade led the 6th Division attack brilliantly, ending up with the 42nd and 78th holding three captured enemy redoubts, and the 91st in close support in a farmyard behind. The crunch came when a French column, 6,000 strong, counter-attacked. The 42nd were driven back in some disorder, but the prompt support of the 91st gave them time to re-form; and the two battalions together then successfully restored the position.By the time the 91st got back to their farmhouse the other wing was in trouble; once more they sallied out, restored the position and incidentally rescued a large party of the 78th who had been surrounded and were in danger of being made prisoner. Every general present reckoned that only the prompt and vigorous support afforded by the Argyllshire Regiment had saved the Brigade at a very critical moment in the battle. So the war ended for the 91st in a blaze of glory, with nine battle honours on the Regimental Colour. But at Waterloo they were left far on the right flank; and though they got the campaign medal, that great battle was never inscribed on their Colours. One more fragment of military glory nevertheless came their way. The 2nd Battalion, raised purely as a feeder for the 1st, was a pretty motley crew.

At their annual inspection in 1809 the older men were still wearing out their forbidden kilts, the rest were wearing 'pantaloons, breeches, or trews', and they could only muster 130 all ranks. But their acquisition three years later of a dynamic Commanding Officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Ottley, some able lieutenants and 309 disbanded militiamen, encouraged the War Department to bring them up to full strength with all sorts of 'undesirables' - 'old, worn-out men', 'an inferior type of boy' and some displaced Swedes, Pomeranians and Hanoverians - and send them to the Baltic. They saw their first and last action at the disastrous night attack on the fortress of Bergen-op-Zoom in 1814, and thanks to Ottley's training did very well. All four of the assaulting columns successfully stormed the outer walls, only to be thrown back by superior numbers of veteran French troops manning the inner defences.

The Battalion withdrew in admirable order, leaving 13 officers and an unrecorded number of men wounded and losing altogether 45 killed or mortally wounded. So far as is known, the Surgeon and Assistant Surgeon were the only unwounded to fall into enemy hands; and Sergeant-Major Cahill was commissioned in the field for saving the Regimental Colour when the Ensign carrying it went down. So, having unexpectedly found a niche in military history, the 2nd Battalion came home to be disbanded after sending 240 men to the 1st Battalion for the Waterloo campaign.


visitors can't see pics , please register or login

Regimental Command:
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
  Col James Stewart (Tavington)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LtCol John Sinclair (Tiberias)



visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Centre Company - Colonel Stewart's
 
Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 CptLt Hugh Campbell (Xerone)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Ensign Fillan MacFarlan (Old Guard)
 
Non-Commissioned Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 CSjt David Stewart (Jackie Chan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Sjt Alexander Campbell (Deans)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Sjt James Campbell (Av3ng3r)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl Robert Marshell (Xeratarth)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Cpl James Watson (Franciscus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl Adam Anderson (Jigstas)
 visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl Kenneth Napier (Ruediger)
 
Enlisted:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl John Thomson (NeedSomeMore)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl George Black (Tyrionpk)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl Malcom MacPhail (Saimen)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Alexander Ferguson (Razvan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Ian MacPherson (Ralofson)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Ian MacKay (Cracky)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte David Anderson (Sourcream)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte John MacLean (Dinkcool)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Scott Thomson (Dutchie)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Robert MacLeoud (WolverineV)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Kenneth MacReary (Birf)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Calum MacDonald
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Dick Richards
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Robert Robertson (Mr_Tyrannosaurus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Ryan MacMiller
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Charles Cooper (Awenic)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Albert Schroder
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte John Smith (MonsterMatt)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Robert MacPherson (Altaic)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Duncan MacDowall (Thain)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Charles MacBain (maklamarr)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Aidan MacGray (Plexus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Grant MacKay
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Thomas Speedy (d3cstroy3r)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Alan MacPherson (Rickerson)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Dugald Ducat (ThatHDPixel)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Tim MacIlrath (Maia)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Tobias Smollett (Mr.Assistance)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Olof Beaton (OlofTheViking)
   
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Grenadier Company - Major Munro's
 
Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Maj Alexander Munro (Ragni)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Lt Alistair MacKintosh (Macbeth)
 
Non-Commissioned Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Sjt Lister Bashnell (Builticus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Sjt Patrick Walters(PzSandman)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl Archibald Ferguson (Jigsaw)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl John Scott (Arcturus)
 
 Enlisted:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl Edward Stewart (YuriMan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl Duncan MacLucas (The Almighty)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl John Campbell (Superstorm)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl James Clark (James Ryan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Repaly
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Alan McCallum (Devald)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Andrew Hood (Frankzy)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Ronald Brown (LegendHood)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte George McArthur (Archy)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Jorn Stones
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte William Turner (William Donovan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Owen Turner (Bacon)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Alexander MacFarlan (Jordan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Peter Robertson (Varga)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Ian Clark (LameHorse)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Ferdinand Young (Elling)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Charles Patterson (Morc)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Duncan McVey (Cramat)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Edward Hunter (Leh100)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte MacGregor (Izdigger)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte MacDuff (Milovsky)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Matthew MacLean (VaryStorm)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Gabriel MacTavish (Resker)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Kenneth MacPherson (Fuzzlesauon)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Edward Kennedy (Eddie)
   
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Light Company - Captain MacAllister's
 
Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpt John MacAllister (Diplex)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Lt Hector MacKay (Tali)
 
Non-Commissioned Officers:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Sjt Evan Forbes (Evanovic)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Cpl William Anderson (Snowwi)
 
Enlisted:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl William Gray (Chimaeira)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 LCpl Daniel Black (Samurai)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Alexander Stewart (Fixjo)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Blade
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Daniel
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte George Horsburgh (Ser Cuddles)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Theodore Ross (Teddy)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte John MacLean (Dinkcool)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte William Jones (IEC)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Richard Nixon (Mebphis)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Colin Anderson



visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Recruit and Reserve Company

Recruits:
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec David Ross (AverageJoe)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Alan Fleming (Alan)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Ewan MacDonald (Tasuja)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Adam Hunter (Bailey2slow)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Admiral Humz (Humz33)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Bruce Murdoch (Bruce Lee)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Panzer1509
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Richard Sutherland (hairywarhero)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Brown (Brown)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Patrick Rowny(hakeruss)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec William Maxwell (Vokar)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Neil Miller (TheEnglishHighlander)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Alistair Cameron (dotoshiro)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Miller (Marvin)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Vorlen
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Alexander Morgan (Jonas)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Scott MacDonald (O'Rourke)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Alex Horvath (AlexHorse)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec William Scott (Venatus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec James Stark (CarolusRex)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Ebenum
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Lasse
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec William MacVey (Ambishooter)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Frederik Hendrik (Wezzix)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Louise Alberta (Sakura)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Hugh McArthur (Burchill)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Thompson (Willem)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John McGeal (KingGeedorah)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Arre
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Jonathan Knott (GostPanda)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec George Grier (Secr3tBird)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Sharpe
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Gokiller
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Logan (SteelSeriesJr)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Lianue
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Sabbath
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Miller (Lockpicker)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Johnson (Segabax)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec John Little (DroppedLuke)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Rory McIlroy (Hurthig)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Rec Matic Sunka (Mr_SunkaXD)
    Reserves:
 
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Jakub Murrey (MacTomas)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte John Telford (Telford)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Hugh Stewart (MT032)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Pixelhound
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Oliver Mulgrew (Winefrog)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Martin MacWise (Wiseman)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte George Aitkin (CatchThePigeon)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Dougald MacIntosh (LeeNTien)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Richard Nixon (Mebphis)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Angus MacGrigor (MacFungus)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
Pte Robin Hood (Sid)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Robert McLeoud (Juvens)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Gary MacLintoch (Metalfist)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Edward MacKenzie (Ranger)
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte Repaly
visitors can't see pics , please register or login
 Pte William Stewart (PhonieX)